The relationship between the numbers system is as follows:
Amongst the 4 types of numbers:
- NATURAL NUMBERS is the smallest of all - starts from 1, followed by 2, 3, 4, 5, ... basically, it's positive integers
- INTEGERS is made up by negative integers (-1, -2, -3, .... ), zero (0) and positive integers (1, 2, 3, ...)
- RATIONAL NUMBERS are numbers that can be expressed as a fraction a/b such that both a and b are integers and b is non-zero. Integers and natural numbers are rational numbers since we can express them with denominator = 1.
- REAL NUMBERS are numbers include natural numbers, integers and rational numbers. It also includes numbers that cannot be expressed as a fraction, e.g. pi, square root of 2
Note: Whole numbers and Complex numbers are not mentioned above.
Attempt the following exercise to check your understanding
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